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How to Make Raw Honey Simple Syrup and Preserve the Nutrition



Raw honey simple syrup serves as a versatile sweetening agent in numerous beverages and sweet dishes. For creating raw honey simple syrup that retains its nutritional benefits, adhere to the following instructions:


  • 1 cup of raw honey
  • 1 cup of water


  1. In a saucepan, combine the raw honey and water.
  2. Heat the mixture over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until the honey has dissolved.
  3. Bring the mixture to a simmer and cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  4. Remove the pan from the heat and let the syrup cool to room temperature.
  5. Once the syrup has cooled, transfer it to a clean glass jar with a tight-fitting lid. Store the syrup in the refrigerator.

To preserve the nutritional content of the raw honey, it is important to use low heat and avoid overcooking the honey. Overheating can destroy some of the beneficial enzymes and nutrients found in raw honey.

Additionally, it is important to store the raw honey simple syrup in a cool, dark place, such as the refrigerator. This can help prevent the breakdown of the honey and preserve its nutritional content.

When using the raw honey simple syrup, it is important to remember that it is still a high-calorie sweetener and should be used in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

If you’re using honey to sweeten cocktails, brush onto baked goods or glaze poached fruit, making simple syrup from raw honey is best.


Many recipes for simple syrup call for cooking honey, but this process destroys its beneficial enzymes and antiseptic properties. Making a simple syrup from raw honey is easy and allows you to keep all the nutrition!

Manoir des Abeilles · Lavender honey, glass jar · 250g (8.8 oz)

1. Warm Water Method

Raw honey is an organic sweetener with numerous health advantages. It’s packed full of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants; plus it has a subtle flavor and aroma that pairs nicely in cocktails.

Making simple syrup is an effortless way to add a subtle sweetness to any drink, from hot drinks like coffee and tea, to cold ones like iced lemonade or whiskey sours. All you have to do is mix equal parts sugar and water together over medium heat until completely dissolved.

Make flavorful simple syrups using herbs, spices or fruit. I enjoy infusing my syrups with different things to create something new every time.

For example, you could add some ginger to a Bee’s Knees cocktail, or lavender for mint julep. Or you could simply splash essential oils for extra flavor!

how to make raw honey simple syrup and preserve the nutrition

Another fun idea is infusing your syrup with different kinds of sugar. Light or dark brown sugar, demerara, molasses, maple syrup, coconut sugar, and even agave can all be used to create various simple syrups!

Some people enjoy experimenting with flavored honey simple syrups. For instance, clover honey provides a light and sweet taste while orange blossom honey adds citrus notes to cocktails.

If you want to infuse your syrup with herbs or spices, wait until the sugar has completely dissolved before adding them. After that, allow it to sit for 30-60 minutes so that all of the herbs, spices or fruits have had time to infuse.

You can also add a dash of instant coffee or espresso to any sweetener syrups, but do not go overboard as this will cause the simple syrup to become too thick.

Remember to store flavored simple syrups in the refrigerator to prevent mold and other undesirable growths. Runny honey only has about one month before it needs to be discarded, so if you want your syrup to last longer, make multiple batches.

2. Microwave Method

The Microwave Method

While some may be reluctant to cook their foods in the microwave, there are actually several advantages. It’s one of the fastest methods and it helps retain certain nutrients – particularly vitamin C – more quickly.


Furthermore, microwaving food helps preserve its flavor. For instance, many fruits retain their nutrient-rich qualities when cooked in a microwave. Furthermore, moistening vegetables and proteins helps prevent the loss of essential vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients during preparation.

Microwave energy is highly conductive, meaning it can quickly and efficiently heat up food’s water molecules. Furthermore, it stimulates plant cells to release their own water-soluble vitamins and other minerals.

However, using the microwave without taking proper precautions can be hazardous. For instance, when cooking protein dishes, make sure you turn and stir the food frequently as the microwave heats it up; this ensures that all insides of the food have been adequately heated and aren’t contaminated with bacteria or other hazardous elements.

Another advantage of the microwave is that it can quickly heat up food without damaging its texture or appearance. As such, it’s often employed when cooking delicate items like vegetables and some proteins.

Studies have demonstrated that microwave-cooked vegetables contain more vitamins and minerals than their conventional counterparts. For instance, researchers discovered that vitamin C – an essential nutrient for improving immunity and preventing disease – is better preserved when vegetables are microwaved.


Additionally, Harvard Health Letter reports that microwaving food keeps it fresher for longer than boiling it, since microwaves create steam from within out. They suggest that for optimal nutrition in vegetables, microwave them on their own rather than submerging them in boiling water.

To extend your syrup’s shelf life, prepare small batches and store in a tightly-sealed container in the refrigerator. Doing this will preserve the sweetness and flavor of honey while keeping it from spoiling. Generally, this should remain stable in your fridge for around one month.

3. Boiling Method

Honey simple syrup is the perfect way to utilize that jar of crystallized honey in your pantry. This transformation transforms it into a more pourable and silky-smooth honey syrup that can be used in drinks or on fresh fruit and yogurt bowls, ice cream cakes and more!

By using this method, honey will retain its nutrition and sweetness. Heat will dissolve any remaining crystallization present and rehydrate the honey for a delicious and healthy alternative to sugar syrup that can be enjoyed as often as desired.

To prepare this recipe, you will need: 1. Granulated sugar 2. Water 3. A jar with a lid 4. You can easily double or triple the recipe depending on how much syrup you want to make.


Simple syrup is typically composed with one part honey to one part water, but you can adjust the proportions depending on your preferences and desired flavor profile. For instance, milder varieties such as clover or buckwheat require a higher proportion of honey to water for better balance.

This recipe can be prepared with any type of honey, from mild clover or acacia to an intensely floral orange blossom. No matter which option you select, make sure to taste the finished product to ensure that it matches your desired cocktail.

For optimal flavor, choose a simple syrup that is neutral in taste; that way it won’t overpower other components of a drink or dessert. To enhance its unique taste, you can add herbs, spices or even some citrus juice for extra zest.

For an even more fragrant beverage, add lavender to your simple syrup. Let the dried lavender buds steep in the syrup overnight to fully extract their flavors. Strain out any soaked flowers before serving or store them in your fridge for up to one month.

If you want to keep your syrup safe, store it in a refrigerated and airtight glass jar. This will prevent any bacterial growth that might develop and guarantee its safety for consumption in the future.


4. Cold Water Method

Honey simple syrup is an ideal substitute for refined sugar in cocktails, mocktails, tea, coffee and baked goods. Not only is it naturally sweet and full of flavor but it also acts as a natural antiseptic with beneficial enzymes that protect the body against illness, disease and aging.

You can use it for a variety of drinks, such as lemonade and sparkling water. You could also make cold brew with it or add sugar to tea and coffee for extra sweetness.

To make the simplest syrup, simply mix together equal parts honey and water in a small jar and stir to dissolve. Store this syrup in an airtight mason jar in your fridge until use.

Be mindful that raw honey’s flavor and scent may differ season to season, so it is best to experiment with different jars before finding the ideal blend for you.

The cold water method is an efficient way to make simple syrup with raw honey that will remain shelf-stable for two weeks. Just be mindful not to heat the honey too much as this could break down its beneficial enzymes and alter its flavor.


Make a flavorful simple syrup with various herbs and spices by adding ground cinnamon, cloves, or ginger root. These spices pair perfectly with bourbon, brandy, or other alcohols for hot toddies on cold days. Add lavender to the syrup for an elegant twist that goes great with gin, vodka or tequila-based cocktails. You could also add this syrup to lemonade, limeade or sparkling water for an irresistibly refreshing beverage that is not overly sweet.

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Why Do Raw Beets Irritate My Throat?



red round root crops on a white table

Eating raw beets has many benefits, but it can also cause throat irritation. This irritation is often due to the oxalic acids found in beets. In addition, raw beets may cause stomach upset, respiratory problems, and feelings of nausea. Fortunately, cooking beets can help reduce their oxalic acid levels, making them easier on the stomach.

There are a few possible reasons why raw beets may be causing throat irritation for you:

  1. Allergic reaction: It is possible that you may have an allergy to raw beets, which can cause symptoms such as itching, swelling, and irritation in the mouth and throat.
  2. Oxalates: Raw beets are high in oxalates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. In some people, consuming foods high in oxalates can cause irritation in the throat and mouth.
  3. Nitrate content: Raw beets are also high in nitrates, which can be converted to nitrites in the body. Nitrites can cause blood vessels to dilate and may lead to irritation in the throat.
  4. Texture: The texture of raw beets can also cause irritation in the throat. Raw beets are firm and crunchy, and their rough texture may scratch the throat and cause discomfort.

If you are experiencing throat irritation after consuming raw beets, you may want to try cooking or roasting them instead. Cooking beets can help reduce their oxalate and nitrate content, as well as soften their texture, which may be easier on your throat. If your symptoms persist or worsen, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider.


Beetroot is high in oxalic acid. This acid causes burning in the throat and can cause difficulty breathing. It can also cause an upset stomach. Beet allergy sufferers may experience more severe symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. Beet consumption can also pose risks, including kidney stones, calcium depletion, and skin rashes.

Beets are high in antioxidants. Their juice and extracts can lower blood pressure. They can also improve digestion, which helps prevent illness and improves mood. Beets aren’t a common food allergen, but they can cause some problems.

Before you eat beets, make sure you consult your doctor. High levels of oxalate in the food can lead to kidney stones in some individuals. If you are on a low-oxalate diet, restrict your intake of beets, beet juice, and other beet products.


A diet rich in beetroot juice contains almost half of the daily requirement of folic acid, which is essential for proper blood formation. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should take this nutrient. However, if your symptoms last for more than a few days, you should seek medical attention.

People who have severe beet allergies should avoid beetroot juice and beetroot. Beet allergy can cause skin rashes, hives, difficulty breathing, and a fever. Beeturia can be a severe allergic reaction that can lead to anaphylaxis. Beet allergy sufferers need to consult a doctor immediately and avoid beetroot.

why do raw beets irritate my throat

Nutritional Value

You can get good amounts of copper, manganese, and fiber from raw beets. Copper helps your body build red blood cells and regulates blood sugar levels, while manganese improves bone and connective tissue formation. They are also a good source for vitamin A and C.

NutrientAmount per 100 grams
Protein1.6 grams
Fat0.2 grams
Carbohydrates10 grams
Fiber3 grams
Sugar7 grams
Vitamin C6% of the DV
Folate20% of the DV
Vitamin B63% of the DV
Magnesium6% of the DV
Potassium9% of the DV
Manganese16% of the DV
Note: “DV” stands for Daily Value, which is the recommended daily amount of a nutrient based on a 2,000-calorie diet.

Beets are also a good source of folate, a vitamin important to fetal development. It also supports red blood cell production; many people don’t consume enough of it. Folic acid is often added to processed foods. However, it is essential to have adequate folate intake to avoid deficiency. Folate deficiency is more common in pregnant women and women of reproductive age. Folate intake should be increased for those with depression and malabsorptive disorders.

Raw beets contain a high level of nitrates, which can cause severe throat pain. Some people have difficulty speaking after eating raw beets. This can be due to an allergy, food intolerance, or excessive fiber. In addition, raw beets are high in fructans, which can lead to digestive problems. People with IBS should avoid foods high in FODMAPS.


However, beets are a very healthy vegetable, and can reduce blood pressure and provide antioxidant protection. It is rare to have a reaction to beets, but you should seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms described above. If you have an allergy to beetroot juice, or beet-derived food, you should avoid them.

Betalain, a substance with antioxidant properties, gives beets their dark red color. It also inhibits the COX-2 enzyme that is linked to inflammation. One study found that people with hypertension who ate beets frequently reported decreased systemic inflammation after eating the vegetables. It is important to eat beets separately from other high-oxalate foods.


Raw beets are high in oxalates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. Oxalates can cause irritation in the mouth and throat, and in some people, they can also lead to the formation of kidney stones. While most people can consume foods containing oxalates without any issues, individuals who are prone to developing kidney stones may be advised to limit their intake of foods high in oxalates, including raw beets.

When raw beets are consumed, the oxalate content can bind with minerals in the body, such as calcium, to form crystals. These crystals can then accumulate in the kidneys and urinary tract, where they may cause irritation and inflammation, and may lead to the development of kidney stones.

Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their oxalate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are sensitive to oxalates. Additionally, consuming foods high in calcium alongside those containing oxalates may help to reduce the absorption of oxalates in the body.


While raw beets can be problematic for some individuals, they also have many potential health benefits. Beets are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including folate, potassium, and manganese. They also contain nitrates, which can help improve exercise performance and lower blood pressure. Overall, consuming beets in moderation, either cooked or raw, can be a healthy addition to a balanced diet.

Health Benefits

Beets are low in calories and high in nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. They are also rich in antioxidants that protect cells from damage and lower the risk of developing several diseases. Beets are high in potassium, iron and manganese. They also contain a substance called betanin, which gives them their characteristic color. Betanin is a powerful antioxidant.

Raw beets are richer in vitamins and antioxidants than cooked beets. This is because beets that have been cooked for too long are less likely to retain their phytonutrients. However, if you’re prone to gastrointestinal upset, limit your consumption of beets. Be aware that beets can spike your blood sugar and have a high glycemic-index.

Beets are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances. They are also a good source of folate and contain a surprising amount of protein. As an added benefit, beets are naturally low in fat and cholesterol. They can also be enjoyed raw by adding slices to a salad or preparing a beet soup.

Beets are a great source of fiber and are low in calories. They are also rich in important nutrients such as potassium and magnesium. They are also high in iron. Beets are not a superfood. They have been used for centuries in Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine to improve blood circulation. They are also known to promote a calm mind and spirit.


When consumed raw, beets are rich in vitamin C and potassium and can be enjoyed raw or cooked. Beets can also be added to a salad or gazpacho. Beets are also high in dietary nitrate. Beetroot juice is a great way to get a nutritional boost if you don’t like raw beets.

Beets are best eaten raw in the summer when they are in season. However, they can also be eaten in the fall or lightly cooked. Beets can be purchased at your local grocery shop annually, but they are only available during peak season (June to October). If you cannot find fresh beets, you can purchase beet juice or powder from health food stores or online retailers.

Symptoms of Allergy to Beets

If you’re allergic to raw beets, you need to avoid them at all costs. Raw beets can be dangerous for children’s health and should be cooked or softened before being given to them. Beets can also contain oxalic acids, which can cause stomach pains, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pains. Beets can also cause a reddish color in the urine, which is called beeturia. They can also cause nasal blockage and facial swelling.

You should immediately seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms. Mild cases can be treated with antihistamine medications. More serious reactions require medical attention and may even be life-threatening. A doctor can help treat a reaction with a prescription of allergy-combating steroids.

A beet allergy can lead to severe symptoms, including anaphylaxis and even death. Beet allergies are uncommon, however. Despite their low incidence, approximately 32 million Americans suffer from food allergies that can be life-threatening. In fact, food allergies send people to the emergency room every three minutes.


A small percentage of people suffer from an allergy to raw beets. Some people have a mild reaction but it is important to seek medical advice to ensure your safety. Beetroot allergy symptoms may include breathing difficulties, watery eyes, and a fever. People with diabetes should also avoid eating beetroot, as it can cause complications for their condition.

There are many types of allergies. While it is important to avoid foods that trigger an allergic reaction, you may be sensitive to a particular chemical in vegetables if you’re not sure. Whether a person is allergic to beets or to a specific type of pollen, it’s important to seek medical advice if you think you might have a food allergy.

Nitrate in Raw Beets

Raw beets are also high in nitrates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. Nitrates are converted to nitrites in the body, which can have both positive and negative effects on human health.

One potential benefit of consuming nitrates is improved exercise performance. Nitrates can help to increase blood flow and oxygen delivery to the muscles, which can improve endurance and reduce fatigue. Some studies have also suggested that consuming nitrates may help to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.

However, there are also potential risks associated with nitrate consumption. Nitrites can cause blood vessels to dilate, which can lead to irritation in the throat and may be problematic for individuals with certain health conditions. Additionally, consuming nitrates from sources other than fruits and vegetables, such as processed meats, has been linked to an increased risk of certain types of cancer.


When consuming raw beets, the nitrate content can be a concern for some individuals, particularly those who are sensitive to nitrates or have certain health conditions. Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their nitrate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are concerned about their nitrate intake.

Overall, while raw beets are a good source of many nutrients and have potential health benefits, it is important to be aware of their nitrate content and to consume them in moderation, as part of a balanced diet. If you have concerns about your nitrate intake or have a health condition that may be affected by nitrates, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider.


Raw beets are a nutrient-dense food that can provide many potential health benefits. Beets are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including folate, potassium, and manganese. They also contain nitrates, which can help improve exercise performance and lower blood pressure. However, raw beets are also high in oxalates and nitrates, which can cause throat irritation and may be problematic for individuals who are sensitive to these compounds or have certain health conditions.

While raw beets can be a healthy addition to a balanced diet, it is important to be aware of their potential risks and to consume them in moderation. Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their oxalate and nitrate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are concerned about their intake of these compounds.

Overall, beets can be a delicious and nutritious addition to a variety of dishes, from salads to smoothies to roasted vegetables. If you have concerns about consuming raw beets or have a health condition that may be affected by oxalates or nitrates, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for you.


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How to Find Nutrition Value of Raw Meat I Purchase in Market




1. Look at the label

Labels on meats and poultry often indicate the nutritional information based on the uncooked weight, unless it’s stated otherwise. Generally, cooking meat reduces its weight by about 25%, so a 4 oz label effectively represents 3 oz after cooking. For precise calculations of protein, fat, and caloric content per portion, simply divide this adjusted cooked weight by the number of servings you intend to consume. This straightforward method promotes a healthier diet!

2. Check the website

Nutritionally speaking, raw meat does not come with a set nutritional value. To determine its true nutritional worth, read the ingredients and nutrition labels carefully – something you should do for any food item, but especially meat. As there is often misinformation out there, do your due diligence before purchasing anything; for instance, check the website of the vendor to ensure they use traceable and ethically sourced ingredients or ask directly if they have any nutritional facts available.

3. Ask the seller

When shopping for a nutritious serving of meat, there are a few things to consider. First and foremost, select your cut carefully from sustainable sources like pastured or grass fed animals. If unsure where to begin with your shopping list, ask your favorite butcher for their recommendations based on individual dietary needs and lifestyle. Additionally, pay close attention to the quality of the meat such as its moisture content, texture and smell before purchasing.

4. Check the packaging

When purchasing raw meat, inspecting its packaging for firmness and no tears or holes is essential. It should feel cold to touch and have no odor. A red liquid at the bottom may seem unappetizing but this is actually myoglobin – a protein responsible for giving meat its color. This also keeps food fresh by creating an environment free from bacteria-filled environments.

how to find nutrition value of raw meat i purchase in market

You may notice absorbent pads underneath many packaged meat products; these protect meat from getting contaminated by liquids trapped inside their packaging; therefore, checking with recycling facilities before discarding these pads is recommended.


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How is Biotin Bioavailability Affected by Raw Egg Consumption?




Biotin, a B vitamin that dissolves in water, is critical for the creation of glucose and fatty acids. It is also vital for women during pregnancy.

Some people worry that eating raw eggs in large amounts daily could lead to biotin deficiency. However, this is unlikely the case since raw eggs do not contain the protein avidin which could prevent absorption of biotin.

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in energy metabolism and maintaining healthy hair, skin, and nails. Raw egg consumption has been found to interfere with biotin bioavailability due to the presence of avidin, a protein found in raw egg whites.

Avidin has a high affinity for biotin, which means that it can bind to biotin and prevent its absorption in the small intestine. When raw eggs are consumed, the avidin in the egg white can bind to biotin in the diet and prevent its absorption. This can lead to a deficiency of biotin over time.

However, cooking the egg denatures the avidin protein, rendering it unable to bind to biotin. This means that the bioavailability of biotin is not affected when eggs are cooked, and the body is able to absorb and utilize biotin from cooked eggs. Therefore, it is generally recommended to consume eggs that are fully cooked to ensure adequate biotin intake and prevent the risk of biotin deficiency.


It is important to note that biotin deficiency is rare in healthy individuals who consume a balanced diet. However, individuals who consume large amounts of raw egg whites or those who have a genetic disorder that affects biotin metabolism may be at risk for biotin deficiency. If you have concerns about your biotin intake, it is recommended to speak with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian.

Biotin Is a Water-Soluble Vitamin

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin essential for the body’s metabolism. It aids the body in using carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids as energy sources; additionally, it aids cells in synthesizing proteins.

Brewer’s yeast, cooked eggs, sardines, nuts (almonds, peanuts, pecans), and nut butters are all sources of naturally occurring selenium. You may also purchase it as a dietary supplement.

Biotin, which the body cannot synthesize on its own, must be obtained through food sources. It is essential in supporting proper immune function and brain development – particularly important for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

Most people consume enough biotin, but some may be at risk for deficiency. These include those diagnosed with genetic disorders that prevent the body from producing the enzyme responsible for breaking down biotin, those who drink excessively or take certain medications which inhibit its absorption.


Raw egg consumption may lead to biotin deficiency due to a protein called avidin, which blocks its absorption by the body. However, once cooked, avidin is denatured and biotin can be readily absorbed by the body.

Biotin is typically ingested as food proteins that are broken down by digestive proteases and released to the small intestine where it absorbs into enterocytes. A high-affinity sodium/multivitamin cotransporter in these enterocytes transports biotin from the food protein into cell membrane, where it then travels into circulation before excreted unchanged through urine.

Studies have suggested that taking large doses of biotin may aid those living with diabetes in controlling their blood glucose levels. This is likely because biotin helps produce insulin, which regulates glucose concentrations.

Biotin may benefit hair, skin and nail health in several ways. Studies have demonstrated that it can increase the strength and growth of nails for women with brittle nails; further research indicates it could even aid those suffering from taste loss.

Biotin Deficiency Is Rare

Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, is a water-soluble B vitamin essential for producing glucose and fatty acids in your body. You can find it in foods like eggs, meat, fish, and vegetables.


Biotin deficiency is rare, but some individuals with certain genetic conditions that prevent the body from properly using it can become low in this vitamin. These include holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency (also called multiple carboxylase deficiency), biotinidase deficiency, and the inability to transport biotin into cells.

Patients with these disorders should receive lifelong biotin supplementation to maintain healthy levels of this essential vitamin. Untreated, the condition can lead to serious symptoms such as hearing loss, blurred vision, and learning difficulties if not caught and treated early.

Even if you do have one of these conditions, eating raw eggs should not cause a biotin deficiency. This is because avidin, the protein in egg whites, binds to biotin so that it cannot be absorbed in the small intestine.

Due to the destruction of this protein by heat, eating large quantities of raw eggs without becoming deficient in this essential nutrient is possible. To increase your intake of this B vitamin, however, it’s best to either avoid raw eggs or consume them in small and frequent doses.

It is also worth noting that certain medications can lower your biotin level, so be sure to monitor your health and consult your doctor for a treatment that works for you. Anticonvulsant therapy, for instance, may reduce biotin levels if taken for an extended period of time.


However, including biotin in your diet is generally beneficial if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. This is because pregnant women require more biotin for proper growth and development of their unborn child.

Biotin deficiency is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage such as hearing loss, vision problems and learning disabilities. If your family history of this condition runs in your family, ask your doctor about screening to protect you.

Biotin Deficiency Is More Common in Women

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an essential role in helping your body convert carbohydrates and fat into glucose. Additionally, it aids the metabolism of amino acids and proteins to build new cells and tissues.

Vitamin B1 deficiency can lead to various symptoms, such as thinning hair, red scaly rash around the mouth and eyes (known as “biotin deficiency rash”), brittle nails, and seizures.

Biotin deficiency usually begins during the first weeks and months of life and can have serious consequences if left untreated. These individuals are at an increased risk for developing life-altering conditions like seizure disorder, lung disease, brain damage, and cancer.


Biotin deficiency can be caused by either an inherited disorder called biotinidase deficiency or certain medications that reduce its levels in your body. In some cases, low levels of biotin may also be due to another health issue or condition like thyroid disorder, vitamin B12 deficiency, or iron deficiency.

Biotinidase deficiency occurs when a gene mutation prevents the activity of an enzyme responsible for biotin absorption, called holocarboxylase synthetase.

Holocarboxylase synthase, an essential enzyme for biotin absorption from food sources, must be present to function. Without it, your body cannot use biotin properly and you may experience constipation.

It is easy to get enough biotin by eating foods that naturally contain it or taking a vitamin supplement with biotin. There are various kinds of vitamins available, including those that only contain biotin as well as those that include other essential vitamins.

Some studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of certain supplements on nail, hair and skin health. However, further investigation is necessary to definitively prove whether they truly work.


Women are more vulnerable to developing biotin deficiency than men due to their increased need for this vitamin during pregnancy. Biotin helps produce carboxylases and histones, both essential building blocks of embryonic development.

Biotin Deficiency Is More Common in Smokers

Biotin is one of the B complex vitamins, meaning it converts fats and carbohydrates into energy to power your body’s functions. Additionally, it keeps blood glucose and cholesterol levels normal as well. Finally, Biotin plays an essential role in skin health as well as producing keratin – the protein responsible for giving nails and hair their strength – which gives your nails and hair their strength.

Biotin deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can occur if your body doesn’t get enough of this vitamin or fails to absorb and use it correctly. Common symptoms include brittle, thinning hair and split nails; weakness or loss of muscle/joint function; fatigue; numbness/tingling in hands/feet; dry skin with itchy flaky patches, slow heart rate fluctuations and low body temperature.

People who don’t get enough dietary biotin or can’t absorb it properly due to conditions in their gut are at risk for deficiency. These include heavy alcohol consumption, inflammatory bowel disease and chronic diarrhea, pregnancy, kidney dialysis and taking certain prescription drugs that interfere with biotin metabolism.

Researchers observed that smokers excreted 30% less biotin than nonsmoking controls (P 0.02). The ratio of urinary bisnorbiotin and biotin sulfoxide to biotin increased in smokers, suggesting an accelerated metabolism of this nutrient. Furthermore, smokers excreted 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid, a biotin metabolite indicating marginal tissue deficiency.


Smoking increases the rate of catabolism for several nutrients, such as lipids, antioxidants and B vitamins. Particularly, biotin metabolism is affected since even marginal deficiency can be teratogenic in mammals. Studies conducted on fetuses born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy have demonstrated an increased likelihood of abnormal brain, spinal cord or limb development in these babies.

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