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How to Make Raw Dog Food With Complete Nutrition



Providing your puppy with fresh, raw meats and vegetables is an excellent strategy for boosting their immune system. Nonetheless, it is crucial that they also consume a balanced diet that includes additional components.

Making bone part of your dog’s raw food diet is an excellent way to ensure they receive enough calcium and other essential minerals. Aim for 10%- 15% bone content in their total diet.


Your dog’s primary raw diet should consist of lean cuts of meat from a local farmer, abattoir or butcher – at least 10% fat, including any oils you add. A lean cut with at least 10% fat should form the basis of their food for maximum nutritional benefit.

Meat is an excellent source of protein for building and repairing tissues, strengthening immunity, and providing vitamins A, B12 and D as well as amino acids like arginine, selenium, iron and zinc. Plus it supplies calcium, phosphorous and other essential nutrients.


However, only use premium quality meat and avoid cheaper cuts or fatty pieces. Doing this helps minimize the risk of bacterial contamination from processing plants.

In addition to meat, your raw diet should include a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables and other ‘greens’ for an optimal nutritional profile. Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of anti-inflammatory polyphenols that support the immune system and prevent disease.

Vegetables are also an excellent source of vitamin D and manganese for dogs. A diet rich in these nutrients can lower your dog’s risk for cancer and other health issues and improve skin and coat condition.

how to make raw dog food with complete nutrition

Meat-based raw foods can also be purchased from commercial producers like Instinct, who utilizes cold-pressure processing to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. Their base proteins come in various variations and can be delivered right to your door via subscription. Plus, the company works closely with veterinary nutritionists to craft a personalized recipe tailored for each dog based on their age, breed, weight and other health indicators.


Vegetables are an integral part of a raw diet for dogs, providing them with essential vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, and fiber.

Vegetables can also provide an excellent source of protein, particularly dark green vegetables like kale, broccoli and collard greens.


A balanced ratio of meat, offal, and vegetable should be provided for your dog’s complete nutrition. We suggest no more than two thirds meat or offal and at least 1/3 vegetables for optimal results.

Your homemade raw diet can be tailored to fit any dietary need – beef, lamb, chicken, rabbit, venison or fish are all popular choices. For a more varied meal experience, mix and match different meats together for an exciting combination.

When creating a recipe, always use fresh ingredients and avoid processed or dried foods as these may be contaminated with bacteria and viruses.

Vegetables can be an excellent addition to your dog’s diet and should be included in each meal. They should come in a range of colors, flavors and textures to provide essential nutrients that promote good health in your pup.

A balanced diet is essential for your dog’s well-being, and veterinary nutritionists can assist you in getting the correct amount of nutrients in your homemade raw dog food recipe. Furthermore, they will advise you on which nutritional aids can be added to ensure that all your pup’s essential needs are being met.



Raw pet owners often incorporate fresh fruit and vegetables into their dogs’ meals to provide additional vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants and phytonutrients for overall wellness. These essential nutrients can especially benefit dogs with skin allergies or digestive issues.

Fruits and vegetables, for instance, have powerful anti-inflammatory properties which may reduce chronic inflammation. Furthermore, they support immune function as well as digestive health by providing the right kinds of bacteria.

However, you should be aware that certain carbohydrates in these foods may be difficult for some dogs to digest and may lead to excessive weight gain.

Another disadvantage of these foods is their often high sugar content. To counteract this, try substituting them with nutrient-dense vegetables and fruits with less sweetness.

Adding more meat is one option for increasing protein in your dog’s diet. You can incorporate additional meat into raw dog food recipes or mix in a commercial pre-mix, which is an easy and secure way to introduce raw food diet into your pup’s daily regimen.


You can also incorporate more vegetables and fruits into your homemade raw dog food recipes to give the meals a varied nutritional content. For instance, adding kale, broccoli, dandelion greens and berries to a recipe will provide an extra healthy snack or meal option.

Meat contains essential fatty acids like Omega 3s and 6s that benefit your dog’s health. To provide them with these beneficial fats, add fish or fish oils into homemade raw dog food recipes a few times each week.


Bones can be essential to a raw dog food diet as they contain essential nutrients and are easy for dogs to chew. Not only that, but bone consumption also helps keep stools firm and supports dental health.

Bones must be thoroughly washed and purchased from reliable grocery stores or butchers with high sanitation standards. Avoid cooked bones as these become softer after cooking and more likely to splinter when chewed.

When selecting a bone for your pup, the type of edible bone should be considered. While many edible bones exist, opt for softer options like chicken necks, backs, feet or wingtips rather than harder weight management-bearing bones which may be difficult to digest for your canine companion.


Furthermore, poultry bones contain more calcium than red meat bones and are easier for your dog to chew and digest. You can incorporate these types of bones into their regular meals or give them as treats periodically.

When crafting a raw dog food recipe, it’s essential to incorporate various fruits and vegetables. Not only does this meet your pup’s nutritional needs, but it also adds visual interest!


Raw dog food recipes should contain meats and bones along with fruits, vegetables and a variety of other nutrients. They must also be balanced in terms of protein content, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals.

If you’re creating your own raw dog food, adhere to the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) guidelines for creating a balanced meal that promotes your pup’s life and wellbeing. A raw diet should contain six essential nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins, and water.

You can incorporate any protein into your recipes, but chicken livers, turkey, beef and fish tend to be the most popular options. Experimenting with different animal proteins can be fun for your pup and add an exciting layer to their meals.


Vegetables and fruits are integral to a raw diet, as they contain various phytonutrients that support immune function. Studies have even found that they may reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and diabetes in dogs by providing them with polyphenols which fight chronic inflammation.

To maximize the nutritional benefits of your vegetables, chop them finely and soak in water for several hours prior to adding them to your recipe. Doing so helps remove phytic acid that could hinder absorption by your pup’s digestive system.

Other Ingredients

You can supplement your dog’s raw diet with other ingredients to give them complete nutrition. Examples include fish, eggs (with the shells), vegetables and fruits.

Some can be bought at a grocery store, while others should be obtained from your local butcher or farmer. Doing so makes locating organ meats not readily available in supermarkets is easier.

Aside from meat, you can also add eggs and bones for additional calcium. This is an effective way to keep your dog’s teeth clean and strong.


You can vary your dog’s diet to provide different nutrients daily or twice a week. This will give them more variety in their meals and guarantee they receive all the essential vitamins and minerals.

Chicken and beef are the two main proteins in raw dog food recipes. You could also try lamb, pork, rabbit or venison as these sources of high-protein content may benefit dogs with sensitive digestive systems or those prone to allergies.

When purchasing raw ingredients for your dog’s meals, the most important factor to consider is free-range and grass-fed meat. This guarantees your pup receives only the highest quality, most nourishing meat possible.

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Why Do Raw Beets Irritate My Throat?



red round root crops on a white table

Eating raw beets has many benefits, but it can also cause throat irritation. This irritation is often due to the oxalic acids found in beets. In addition, raw beets may cause stomach upset, respiratory problems, and feelings of nausea. Fortunately, cooking beets can help reduce their oxalic acid levels, making them easier on the stomach.

There are a few possible reasons why raw beets may be causing throat irritation for you:

  1. Allergic reaction: It is possible that you may have an allergy to raw beets, which can cause symptoms such as itching, swelling, and irritation in the mouth and throat.
  2. Oxalates: Raw beets are high in oxalates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. In some people, consuming foods high in oxalates can cause irritation in the throat and mouth.
  3. Nitrate content: Raw beets are also high in nitrates, which can be converted to nitrites in the body. Nitrites can cause blood vessels to dilate and may lead to irritation in the throat.
  4. Texture: The texture of raw beets can also cause irritation in the throat. Raw beets are firm and crunchy, and their rough texture may scratch the throat and cause discomfort.

If you are experiencing throat irritation after consuming raw beets, you may want to try cooking or roasting them instead. Cooking beets can help reduce their oxalate and nitrate content, as well as soften their texture, which may be easier on your throat. If your symptoms persist or worsen, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider.


Beetroot is high in oxalic acid. This acid causes burning in the throat and can cause difficulty breathing. It can also cause an upset stomach. Beet allergy sufferers may experience more severe symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. Beet consumption can also pose risks, including kidney stones, calcium depletion, and skin rashes.

Beets are high in antioxidants. Their juice and extracts can lower blood pressure. They can also improve digestion, which helps prevent illness and improves mood. Beets aren’t a common food allergen, but they can cause some problems.

Before you eat beets, make sure you consult your doctor. High levels of oxalate in the food can lead to kidney stones in some individuals. If you are on a low-oxalate diet, restrict your intake of beets, beet juice, and other beet products.


A diet rich in beetroot juice contains almost half of the daily requirement of folic acid, which is essential for proper blood formation. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should take this nutrient. However, if your symptoms last for more than a few days, you should seek medical attention.

People who have severe beet allergies should avoid beetroot juice and beetroot. Beet allergy can cause skin rashes, hives, difficulty breathing, and a fever. Beeturia can be a severe allergic reaction that can lead to anaphylaxis. Beet allergy sufferers need to consult a doctor immediately and avoid beetroot.

why do raw beets irritate my throat

Nutritional Value

You can get good amounts of copper, manganese, and fiber from raw beets. Copper helps your body build red blood cells and regulates blood sugar levels, while manganese improves bone and connective tissue formation. They are also a good source for vitamin A and C.

NutrientAmount per 100 grams
Protein1.6 grams
Fat0.2 grams
Carbohydrates10 grams
Fiber3 grams
Sugar7 grams
Vitamin C6% of the DV
Folate20% of the DV
Vitamin B63% of the DV
Magnesium6% of the DV
Potassium9% of the DV
Manganese16% of the DV
Note: “DV” stands for Daily Value, which is the recommended daily amount of a nutrient based on a 2,000-calorie diet.

Beets are also a good source of folate, a vitamin important to fetal development. It also supports red blood cell production; many people don’t consume enough of it. Folic acid is often added to processed foods. However, it is essential to have adequate folate intake to avoid deficiency. Folate deficiency is more common in pregnant women and women of reproductive age. Folate intake should be increased for those with depression and malabsorptive disorders.

Raw beets contain a high level of nitrates, which can cause severe throat pain. Some people have difficulty speaking after eating raw beets. This can be due to an allergy, food intolerance, or excessive fiber. In addition, raw beets are high in fructans, which can lead to digestive problems. People with IBS should avoid foods high in FODMAPS.


However, beets are a very healthy vegetable, and can reduce blood pressure and provide antioxidant protection. It is rare to have a reaction to beets, but you should seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms described above. If you have an allergy to beetroot juice, or beet-derived food, you should avoid them.

Betalain, a substance with antioxidant properties, gives beets their dark red color. It also inhibits the COX-2 enzyme that is linked to inflammation. One study found that people with hypertension who ate beets frequently reported decreased systemic inflammation after eating the vegetables. It is important to eat beets separately from other high-oxalate foods.


Raw beets are high in oxalates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. Oxalates can cause irritation in the mouth and throat, and in some people, they can also lead to the formation of kidney stones. While most people can consume foods containing oxalates without any issues, individuals who are prone to developing kidney stones may be advised to limit their intake of foods high in oxalates, including raw beets.

When raw beets are consumed, the oxalate content can bind with minerals in the body, such as calcium, to form crystals. These crystals can then accumulate in the kidneys and urinary tract, where they may cause irritation and inflammation, and may lead to the development of kidney stones.

Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their oxalate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are sensitive to oxalates. Additionally, consuming foods high in calcium alongside those containing oxalates may help to reduce the absorption of oxalates in the body.


While raw beets can be problematic for some individuals, they also have many potential health benefits. Beets are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including folate, potassium, and manganese. They also contain nitrates, which can help improve exercise performance and lower blood pressure. Overall, consuming beets in moderation, either cooked or raw, can be a healthy addition to a balanced diet.

Health Benefits

Beets are low in calories and high in nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. They are also rich in antioxidants that protect cells from damage and lower the risk of developing several diseases. Beets are high in potassium, iron and manganese. They also contain a substance called betanin, which gives them their characteristic color. Betanin is a powerful antioxidant.

Raw beets are richer in vitamins and antioxidants than cooked beets. This is because beets that have been cooked for too long are less likely to retain their phytonutrients. However, if you’re prone to gastrointestinal upset, limit your consumption of beets. Be aware that beets can spike your blood sugar and have a high glycemic-index.

Beets are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances. They are also a good source of folate and contain a surprising amount of protein. As an added benefit, beets are naturally low in fat and cholesterol. They can also be enjoyed raw by adding slices to a salad or preparing a beet soup.

Beets are a great source of fiber and are low in calories. They are also rich in important nutrients such as potassium and magnesium. They are also high in iron. Beets are not a superfood. They have been used for centuries in Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine to improve blood circulation. They are also known to promote a calm mind and spirit.


When consumed raw, beets are rich in vitamin C and potassium and can be enjoyed raw or cooked. Beets can also be added to a salad or gazpacho. Beets are also high in dietary nitrate. Beetroot juice is a great way to get a nutritional boost if you don’t like raw beets.

Beets are best eaten raw in the summer when they are in season. However, they can also be eaten in the fall or lightly cooked. Beets can be purchased at your local grocery shop annually, but they are only available during peak season (June to October). If you cannot find fresh beets, you can purchase beet juice or powder from health food stores or online retailers.

Symptoms of Allergy to Beets

If you’re allergic to raw beets, you need to avoid them at all costs. Raw beets can be dangerous for children’s health and should be cooked or softened before being given to them. Beets can also contain oxalic acids, which can cause stomach pains, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pains. Beets can also cause a reddish color in the urine, which is called beeturia. They can also cause nasal blockage and facial swelling.

You should immediately seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms. Mild cases can be treated with antihistamine medications. More serious reactions require medical attention and may even be life-threatening. A doctor can help treat a reaction with a prescription of allergy-combating steroids.

A beet allergy can lead to severe symptoms, including anaphylaxis and even death. Beet allergies are uncommon, however. Despite their low incidence, approximately 32 million Americans suffer from food allergies that can be life-threatening. In fact, food allergies send people to the emergency room every three minutes.


A small percentage of people suffer from an allergy to raw beets. Some people have a mild reaction but it is important to seek medical advice to ensure your safety. Beetroot allergy symptoms may include breathing difficulties, watery eyes, and a fever. People with diabetes should also avoid eating beetroot, as it can cause complications for their condition.

There are many types of allergies. While it is important to avoid foods that trigger an allergic reaction, you may be sensitive to a particular chemical in vegetables if you’re not sure. Whether a person is allergic to beets or to a specific type of pollen, it’s important to seek medical advice if you think you might have a food allergy.

Nitrate in Raw Beets

Raw beets are also high in nitrates, which are natural compounds found in many foods. Nitrates are converted to nitrites in the body, which can have both positive and negative effects on human health.

One potential benefit of consuming nitrates is improved exercise performance. Nitrates can help to increase blood flow and oxygen delivery to the muscles, which can improve endurance and reduce fatigue. Some studies have also suggested that consuming nitrates may help to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.

However, there are also potential risks associated with nitrate consumption. Nitrites can cause blood vessels to dilate, which can lead to irritation in the throat and may be problematic for individuals with certain health conditions. Additionally, consuming nitrates from sources other than fruits and vegetables, such as processed meats, has been linked to an increased risk of certain types of cancer.


When consuming raw beets, the nitrate content can be a concern for some individuals, particularly those who are sensitive to nitrates or have certain health conditions. Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their nitrate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are concerned about their nitrate intake.

Overall, while raw beets are a good source of many nutrients and have potential health benefits, it is important to be aware of their nitrate content and to consume them in moderation, as part of a balanced diet. If you have concerns about your nitrate intake or have a health condition that may be affected by nitrates, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider.


Raw beets are a nutrient-dense food that can provide many potential health benefits. Beets are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including folate, potassium, and manganese. They also contain nitrates, which can help improve exercise performance and lower blood pressure. However, raw beets are also high in oxalates and nitrates, which can cause throat irritation and may be problematic for individuals who are sensitive to these compounds or have certain health conditions.

While raw beets can be a healthy addition to a balanced diet, it is important to be aware of their potential risks and to consume them in moderation. Cooking or boiling beets can help to reduce their oxalate and nitrate content, making them a safer option for individuals who are concerned about their intake of these compounds.

Overall, beets can be a delicious and nutritious addition to a variety of dishes, from salads to smoothies to roasted vegetables. If you have concerns about consuming raw beets or have a health condition that may be affected by oxalates or nitrates, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for you.


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How to Find Nutrition Value of Raw Meat I Purchase in Market




1. Look at the label

Labels on meats and poultry often indicate the nutritional information based on the uncooked weight, unless it’s stated otherwise. Generally, cooking meat reduces its weight by about 25%, so a 4 oz label effectively represents 3 oz after cooking. For precise calculations of protein, fat, and caloric content per portion, simply divide this adjusted cooked weight by the number of servings you intend to consume. This straightforward method promotes a healthier diet!

2. Check the website

Nutritionally speaking, raw meat does not come with a set nutritional value. To determine its true nutritional worth, read the ingredients and nutrition labels carefully – something you should do for any food item, but especially meat. As there is often misinformation out there, do your due diligence before purchasing anything; for instance, check the website of the vendor to ensure they use traceable and ethically sourced ingredients or ask directly if they have any nutritional facts available.

3. Ask the seller

When shopping for a nutritious serving of meat, there are a few things to consider. First and foremost, select your cut carefully from sustainable sources like pastured or grass fed animals. If unsure where to begin with your shopping list, ask your favorite butcher for their recommendations based on individual dietary needs and lifestyle. Additionally, pay close attention to the quality of the meat such as its moisture content, texture and smell before purchasing.

4. Check the packaging

When purchasing raw meat, inspecting its packaging for firmness and no tears or holes is essential. It should feel cold to touch and have no odor. A red liquid at the bottom may seem unappetizing but this is actually myoglobin – a protein responsible for giving meat its color. This also keeps food fresh by creating an environment free from bacteria-filled environments.

how to find nutrition value of raw meat i purchase in market

You may notice absorbent pads underneath many packaged meat products; these protect meat from getting contaminated by liquids trapped inside their packaging; therefore, checking with recycling facilities before discarding these pads is recommended.


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How is Biotin Bioavailability Affected by Raw Egg Consumption?




Biotin, a B vitamin that dissolves in water, is critical for the creation of glucose and fatty acids. It is also vital for women during pregnancy.

Some people worry that eating raw eggs in large amounts daily could lead to biotin deficiency. However, this is unlikely the case since raw eggs do not contain the protein avidin which could prevent absorption of biotin.

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in energy metabolism and maintaining healthy hair, skin, and nails. Raw egg consumption has been found to interfere with biotin bioavailability due to the presence of avidin, a protein found in raw egg whites.

Avidin has a high affinity for biotin, which means that it can bind to biotin and prevent its absorption in the small intestine. When raw eggs are consumed, the avidin in the egg white can bind to biotin in the diet and prevent its absorption. This can lead to a deficiency of biotin over time.

However, cooking the egg denatures the avidin protein, rendering it unable to bind to biotin. This means that the bioavailability of biotin is not affected when eggs are cooked, and the body is able to absorb and utilize biotin from cooked eggs. Therefore, it is generally recommended to consume eggs that are fully cooked to ensure adequate biotin intake and prevent the risk of biotin deficiency.


It is important to note that biotin deficiency is rare in healthy individuals who consume a balanced diet. However, individuals who consume large amounts of raw egg whites or those who have a genetic disorder that affects biotin metabolism may be at risk for biotin deficiency. If you have concerns about your biotin intake, it is recommended to speak with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian.

Biotin Is a Water-Soluble Vitamin

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin essential for the body’s metabolism. It aids the body in using carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids as energy sources; additionally, it aids cells in synthesizing proteins.

Brewer’s yeast, cooked eggs, sardines, nuts (almonds, peanuts, pecans), and nut butters are all sources of naturally occurring selenium. You may also purchase it as a dietary supplement.

Biotin, which the body cannot synthesize on its own, must be obtained through food sources. It is essential in supporting proper immune function and brain development – particularly important for pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

Most people consume enough biotin, but some may be at risk for deficiency. These include those diagnosed with genetic disorders that prevent the body from producing the enzyme responsible for breaking down biotin, those who drink excessively or take certain medications which inhibit its absorption.


Raw egg consumption may lead to biotin deficiency due to a protein called avidin, which blocks its absorption by the body. However, once cooked, avidin is denatured and biotin can be readily absorbed by the body.

Biotin is typically ingested as food proteins that are broken down by digestive proteases and released to the small intestine where it absorbs into enterocytes. A high-affinity sodium/multivitamin cotransporter in these enterocytes transports biotin from the food protein into cell membrane, where it then travels into circulation before excreted unchanged through urine.

Studies have suggested that taking large doses of biotin may aid those living with diabetes in controlling their blood glucose levels. This is likely because biotin helps produce insulin, which regulates glucose concentrations.

Biotin may benefit hair, skin and nail health in several ways. Studies have demonstrated that it can increase the strength and growth of nails for women with brittle nails; further research indicates it could even aid those suffering from taste loss.

Biotin Deficiency Is Rare

Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, is a water-soluble B vitamin essential for producing glucose and fatty acids in your body. You can find it in foods like eggs, meat, fish, and vegetables.


Biotin deficiency is rare, but some individuals with certain genetic conditions that prevent the body from properly using it can become low in this vitamin. These include holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency (also called multiple carboxylase deficiency), biotinidase deficiency, and the inability to transport biotin into cells.

Patients with these disorders should receive lifelong biotin supplementation to maintain healthy levels of this essential vitamin. Untreated, the condition can lead to serious symptoms such as hearing loss, blurred vision, and learning difficulties if not caught and treated early.

Even if you do have one of these conditions, eating raw eggs should not cause a biotin deficiency. This is because avidin, the protein in egg whites, binds to biotin so that it cannot be absorbed in the small intestine.

Due to the destruction of this protein by heat, eating large quantities of raw eggs without becoming deficient in this essential nutrient is possible. To increase your intake of this B vitamin, however, it’s best to either avoid raw eggs or consume them in small and frequent doses.

It is also worth noting that certain medications can lower your biotin level, so be sure to monitor your health and consult your doctor for a treatment that works for you. Anticonvulsant therapy, for instance, may reduce biotin levels if taken for an extended period of time.


However, including biotin in your diet is generally beneficial if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. This is because pregnant women require more biotin for proper growth and development of their unborn child.

Biotin deficiency is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage such as hearing loss, vision problems and learning disabilities. If your family history of this condition runs in your family, ask your doctor about screening to protect you.

Biotin Deficiency Is More Common in Women

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an essential role in helping your body convert carbohydrates and fat into glucose. Additionally, it aids the metabolism of amino acids and proteins to build new cells and tissues.

Vitamin B1 deficiency can lead to various symptoms, such as thinning hair, red scaly rash around the mouth and eyes (known as “biotin deficiency rash”), brittle nails, and seizures.

Biotin deficiency usually begins during the first weeks and months of life and can have serious consequences if left untreated. These individuals are at an increased risk for developing life-altering conditions like seizure disorder, lung disease, brain damage, and cancer.


Biotin deficiency can be caused by either an inherited disorder called biotinidase deficiency or certain medications that reduce its levels in your body. In some cases, low levels of biotin may also be due to another health issue or condition like thyroid disorder, vitamin B12 deficiency, or iron deficiency.

Biotinidase deficiency occurs when a gene mutation prevents the activity of an enzyme responsible for biotin absorption, called holocarboxylase synthetase.

Holocarboxylase synthase, an essential enzyme for biotin absorption from food sources, must be present to function. Without it, your body cannot use biotin properly and you may experience constipation.

It is easy to get enough biotin by eating foods that naturally contain it or taking a vitamin supplement with biotin. There are various kinds of vitamins available, including those that only contain biotin as well as those that include other essential vitamins.

Some studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of certain supplements on nail, hair and skin health. However, further investigation is necessary to definitively prove whether they truly work.


Women are more vulnerable to developing biotin deficiency than men due to their increased need for this vitamin during pregnancy. Biotin helps produce carboxylases and histones, both essential building blocks of embryonic development.

Biotin Deficiency Is More Common in Smokers

Biotin is one of the B complex vitamins, meaning it converts fats and carbohydrates into energy to power your body’s functions. Additionally, it keeps blood glucose and cholesterol levels normal as well. Finally, Biotin plays an essential role in skin health as well as producing keratin – the protein responsible for giving nails and hair their strength – which gives your nails and hair their strength.

Biotin deficiency is a rare but serious condition that can occur if your body doesn’t get enough of this vitamin or fails to absorb and use it correctly. Common symptoms include brittle, thinning hair and split nails; weakness or loss of muscle/joint function; fatigue; numbness/tingling in hands/feet; dry skin with itchy flaky patches, slow heart rate fluctuations and low body temperature.

People who don’t get enough dietary biotin or can’t absorb it properly due to conditions in their gut are at risk for deficiency. These include heavy alcohol consumption, inflammatory bowel disease and chronic diarrhea, pregnancy, kidney dialysis and taking certain prescription drugs that interfere with biotin metabolism.

Researchers observed that smokers excreted 30% less biotin than nonsmoking controls (P 0.02). The ratio of urinary bisnorbiotin and biotin sulfoxide to biotin increased in smokers, suggesting an accelerated metabolism of this nutrient. Furthermore, smokers excreted 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid, a biotin metabolite indicating marginal tissue deficiency.


Smoking increases the rate of catabolism for several nutrients, such as lipids, antioxidants and B vitamins. Particularly, biotin metabolism is affected since even marginal deficiency can be teratogenic in mammals. Studies conducted on fetuses born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy have demonstrated an increased likelihood of abnormal brain, spinal cord or limb development in these babies.

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